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Bulletin of the World Health Organization. Update date: 27 February Updated by: Stephen C. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. A study of 39 victims". David Ormerod Archived from the original on 7 October Retrieved 5 September The ringhals cobra Hemachatus haemachatus Venom-Induced corneal opacification syndrome". Clinical Toxicology. David G; Warrell, David A Dermatologic Therapy. Archived PDF from the original on 28 April Retrieved 24 July Garcia, Herbert B.
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Archived PDF from the original on 30 December Skin damage following application of suction device for snakebite". Annals of Emergency Medicine. Rattlesnake envenomation with massive oropharyngeal edema following incision and suction Abstract. Postgrad Med. Journal of Toxicology: Toxin Reviews. Archived from the original PDF on 2 June Retrieved 26 September Estimates of the number of venomous colubrids approach species.
West J Med. David G. Theakston; David A. Warrell 6 June Public Health Rep. Retrieved 4 September This echoed the opinion of the Egyptian physicians who wrote the earliest known account of the treatment of snake bite, the Brooklyn Museum Papyri, dating perhaps from BC. They regarded bites by horned vipers 'fy' as non-lethal, as the victims could be saved.
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Treating a Snake Bite
Werber; H. Der Nervenarzt in German. The Lancet Global Health. Retrieved 30 May Retrieved 29 May Greene, Harry W.
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Snakes: The Evolution of Mystery in Nature. Stephen P. Handbook of Venoms and Toxins of Reptiles 2nd ed. Valenta, Jiri The previous night Workey awoke with a sudden piercing pain to her forehead. When she caught sight of something slithering away across the floor, she realised she had been bitten by a snake. She had been sleeping on the ground of an open shed where crops and other farming materials were stored. Relieved at first that it was only a small snake, the pain and swelling soon made her fear for her life.
Fellow farm workers took her to her uncle, who lives nearby. He had heard about our clinic in Abdurafi town, which treats people for snakebite free of charge, and took her there. She was immediately admitted to the clinic for close monitoring. It shows no blood clotting, a clear indicator that the snake has injected its venom and that she needs to be treated with antivenom.
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MSF clinical officer Degifew Dires prepares the infusion, and spends the next minutes slowly dripping it into the veins in her arm. Snakebite envenoming is overwhelmingly an affliction of the rural poor in agricultural and herding communities and kills more people than any other disease on the neglected tropical diseases NTDs list of the World Health Organization WHO.
An estimated 2. Migrant workers are particularly vulnerable to snakebite. They often work barefoot in the fields at night, using their bare hands to harvest crops. The sesame fields are particularly hazardous.
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Sesame does not grow very high but it does grow thickly, making it an ideal hideout for snakes. To harvest the crop, workers must crouch down, making both their hands and feet vulnerable to snakes. Timely treatment of snakebite is crucial. The number of snakebite victims arriving at Ethiopian health facilities is not recorded, making it impossible to know the national health burden of snakebites. But MSF figures give an indication of the scale of the problem.
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In , the number has increased; by the end of MSF treated patients only in Abdurafi. These include so-called dry bites warning bites and bites with mild, moderate and severe poisoning. Antivenom is just one of a range of treatments, depending on the type and severity of the envenoming. We can manage many bites conservatively with IV fluids, pain management, blood transfusion and leg or limb elevation.
We also treat associated infections and give wound care if needed. As he speaks, Dr Ernest is doing the morning ward round in the close monitoring room. He stops to talk to a young man who was bitten by a snake on his foot while working on the family farm the previous night. Make an appointment. Visit now. Explore now. Choose a degree. Get updates. Give today. First aid Snakebites: First aid. Products and services. Free E-newsletter Subscribe to Housecall Our general interest e-newsletter keeps you up to date on a wide variety of health topics. Sign up now. By Mayo Clinic Staff.
References What to do in a medical emergency: Bites and stings. American College of Emergency Physicians. Accessed July 25, Tintinalli JE, et al. Reptile bites.